Minimally invasive reconstruction is used for many conditions in which the spine is misshapen or unstable, such as, kyphosis, scoliosis and other problems. The exact surgical procedure recommended will depend on the location and severity of the curve. Minimally invasive reconstruction involves correction of spinal deformity or instability over several vertebral or spinal segments. These procedures were traditionally performed through a large open incision in the back or front of the spine.
Now with new technology these procedures can be done using minimally invasive techniques. This means smaller incisions, minimal blood loss and quicker recovery time. Depending on the severity of the curvature or deformity this may require surgery from the front and back, done on the same day or different days.
Patients who have multi-level spinal deformity or scoliosis, and multi-level instability or spinal stenosis benefit from these procedures. These procedures often combine minimally invasive anterolateral (from the front and side) and posterior spinal procedures.