The humeral head (ball of the shoulder joint) is centered in the glenoid (the socket of the joint), which stabilizes the shoulder. If the shoulder is dislocated, it can tear the glenoid labrum and ligaments. If the labrum doesn’t heal, the shoulder may continue to be unstable and continually dislocate.
During Bankart shoulder repair surgery, small incisions are made in the front and back of the shoulder. A small, fiber-optic camera and small instruments are used throughout the procedure. The area around the detached labrum is cleaned, removing any loose particles. Small holes are then drilled near the detached labrum and anchors that will hold sutures in place are placed in those holes.
The surgeon will attach the sutures to the labrum and pull them tightly across the anchors, so that the labrum can be reattached to the glenoid. the incisions can then be closed with small bandages.
Symptoms of a Bankart tear may include:
- Severe shoulder pain
- Repeated shoulder dislocations
- Repeated instances where the shoulders give out
- Sensation of the shoulder feeling loose, slipping out of the joint or “hanging there”