A treatment plan will vary depending on the location of the pinched nerve. Physical therapy may help strengthen and stretch the muscles in the affected area to relieve pressure on the nerve. Anti-inflammatory drug can also help a compressed nerve. When those treatments fail, surgery may be recommended.
There are two common types of spine surgery decompression procedures:
Microdiscectomy surgery is performed to repair a herniated disc in the lumbar, or lower back region. The minimally invasive outpatient spine surgery requires an incision only about 1 to 1.5 inches long close to the midline of the back.
Laminectomy is a surgery that is performed to remove the lamina. The lamina is part of the bone that makes up a vertebra in the spine. A laminectomy can also be used to remove bone spurs in the spine. This procedure can help to take pressure off your spinal nerves or spinal cord.
Surgery has a relatively high success rate for providing relief of leg pain and/or buttock pain. Often, pain relief is instant and patients wake up after the surgery feeling marked relief from their leg pain. If neurological symptoms had also been experienced prior to surgery, it may take longer for the nerve to heal and the patient may continue to feel some weakness or numbness, or any of their prior symptoms, for several months. For some, the symptoms may improve but never fully resolve.