Kyphoplasty is a minimally invasive procedure used to repair a vertebral compression fracture. This procedure is done in an outpatient surgical suite by either a spine surgeon or a pain management specialist under fluoroscopy (specialized x-ray machine). During the procedure a needle is inserted into the fractured vertebra and a small balloon is inserted into the vertebral cavity and inflated.
This allows for expansion of the vertebral cavity increasing the disc height. Once the disc height is returned to near normal size the balloon is removed. The physician then injects bone cement into the cavity. As it hardens it will strengthen and stabilize the vertebra. This may relieve the pain completely.