Because ingrown toenails pierce the skin, patients suffering from ingrown nails are at a very high risk of infection. As the nail continues to grow the patient will experience pain and tenderness. To properly treat an ingrown toenail a specialist will remove the portion of the nail that is penetrating the skin. Once the ingrown nail has been removed antibiotics are used to prevent infection and allow the nail bed to heal.
In severe cases a surgical treatment approach may be necessary. These procedures generally require local anesthetic and a partial or complete nail removal. Patients who do not respond well to less aggressive treatments are generally good candidates for ingrown nail surgery. Though no two cases are exactly alike, an ingrown nail often results from one of the following: