Cervical fusion surgery is done to join two spinal vertebrae in the neck. The procedure can be completed through an incision in the front (anterior) or back (posterior) of the neck. Once the incision is made, your surgeon will place bone or a bone-like material between two spinal vertebrae and use screws and rods to help hold the vertebrae. As they heal, they will fuse into one solid unit.
In some cases, an entire vertebra can be removed and then the spine will be fused with a process known as an anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF).
After three to six months, the bone graft used in cervical fusion surgery will join the two vertebrae together and form a solid piece of bone.