What is Bone Cyst Removal Surgery?
There are several surgical options for the treatment of bone cysts including:
- Curettage – also known as bone grafting, it is the most common bone cyst surgery for those suffering from aneurysmal bone cysts.
- Cryotherapy – the surgical procedure in which aneurysmal bone cyst is frozen to prevent it from returning in the future.
- Bone Removal – bone removal surgery will only be performed on expandable bones in cases of large aneurysmal bone cysts with a high probability that the cyst will redevelop.
Craig P. Jones, M.D.
Bone cysts are fluid-filled holes that develop inside a bone. Although they can occur at any age, most often they affect children and young adults. Typically, cysts do not present any symptoms; however larger cysts can lead to a bone becoming weak, thereby increasing the likelihood of a fracture (break).
“Though not often, sometimes the bone cyst can progress to a point where it can cause permanent damage to the bone if left unattended,” says Dr. Jones. “With the removal of the cyst and the placement of the rod, as in Amber’s situation, the likelihood of sustained damage in minimized and recovery can begin immediately.”
There are two types of bone cysts that determine the course of action and recovery:
A unicameral bone cyst, or simple bone cyst, creates a cavity in the bone that fills with fluid. This typically occurs in young children and teenagers. While they are considered benign, a cyst can become more invasive and damage the bone’s growth plate or impact the metaphysis (the area where bone shaft and the end of the bone meet). Unicameral bone cysts treatments are dependent on the likelihood of a fracture or further damage. If necessary, a surgeon will remove the cyst and fill the remaining cavity with a donor’s bone tissue. Other treatment options may include injection of bone marrow or steroids into the cyst to assist the healing process.
An aneurysmal bone cyst, while still benign, has the potential to swell in the bone causing pain and creating an increased likelihood of fractures. Depending on the age of the patient, aneurysmal bone cysts have the potential to deform or damage the bone. Surgery is often a necessity and, with a variety of treatment options, there is a course of action to fit each patient.
Most surgeries will involve a curettage, the most common treatment for aneurysmal bone cyst. An instrument called a curette is used to scrape the cyst out of the bone. This process is typically followed by bone grafting to repair the bone.